OG Test 2 - Passage I

Questions 61-75 are based on the following passage.

James Forten, Revolutionary Sailmaker

1"I have been taken prisoner for the liberties of my country, and never will prove a traitor to her interests." [A] Before entering a British-run prison during the American 61Revolution prisoner of war, James Forten, said these words as a patriotic rejection of his British captor's offer to free him and educate him in England.

262He knew his 63chance of surviving imprisonment were slim. Porten also knew that if released at the war's end or as part of an 64exchange, he, a free black man, might be captured and sold into slavery as he journeyed home to Philadelphia. Porten not only survived but became one of the most successful businessmen and ardent abolitionists in the United States.65

3Porten's rise to prosperity began upon his return home when a sailmaker hired him to design, mend, and sew sails. Porten's knowledge of ships, gained from his experiences as a sailor during the war, paid off. He 66rose to the position of foreman, and in 1798, Porten bought the sailmaker's business. [B] 4Employing thirty-eight 67workers, white and black, Porten held his employees to a high standard. Viewed as a professional academy, his business produced skilled apprentices who constructed sails for dozens of vessels. The bulk of Porten's business records was probably lost after the business was sold.68 Soon, many regarded Porten as the city's 69premier sailmakerin Philadelphia.

5A savvy businessman, Forten 70supported abolitionist causes. When the War of 1812 closed the port of Philadelphia, Forten used his profits in real estate and lending to support his sailmaking enterprise. W hen the need for 71smaller, quicker vessels changed sail design, he adapted. One thing Forten refused to do, however, was fit a slave ship with sails. 6In fact, historians estimate that the sailmaker invested 72over greater than half his fortune in work to abolish slavery. [C] One of the wealthiest men in Philadelphia, Forten helped finance the Liberator, a powerful abolitionist newspaper. [D] The Revolutionary War 73veteran, who served in this war, believed that the United States owed all residents the right to freedom.

Question 61


  • B Revolution, prisoner of war James Forten,

  • C Revolution, prisoner of war James Forten

  • D Revolution prisoner of war, James Forten

Question 62

Which of the following sentences, if added here, would provide the most logical transition from the preceding paragraph to this paragraph?

  • F Forten was one of many to serve in the American Revolution.

  • G Forten's rejection was risky.

  • H Such an offer must have been unusual.

  • J Many would later admire Forten's skills as an innovator.

Question 63


  • B chances to surviving

  • C chances of surviving

  • D chance to survive

Question 64


  • G exchange; he as

  • H exchange-he

  • J exchange. He

Question 65

If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the paragraph would primarily lose:

  • A a description of the tactics Porten used to survive imprisonment and become a successful businessman and abolitionist.

  • B a transition from a discussion of the ramifications of Porten's decision to a discussion of his success as a sailmaker and abolitionist.

  • C a comparison between Porten's work as a businessman and his role as an abolitionist.

  • D an analysis of how Porten transitioned from a prisoner to a businessman and abolitionist.

Question 66


  • G had arose

  • H had rose

  • J raised

Question 67


  • B workers, whom were

  • C workers:

  • D workers

Question 68

The writer is considering deleting the preceding sentence. Should the sentence be kept or deleted?

  • F Kept, because it establishes a correlation between Forten's business records and the early success of Porten's business.

  • G Kept, because it provides evidence to support the claim that Porten employed thirty-eight workers.

  • H Deleted, because it blurs the paragraph's focus on the success of Forten's business.

  • J Deleted, because it contradicts the idea that Porten had high expectations for his business.

Question 69


  • B foremost leading sailmaker in his native Philadelphia.

  • C premier sailmaker in the city of Philadelphia.

  • D premier sailmaker.

Question 70

Given. that all the following choices are accurate, which one most effectively provides a transition into the next sentence of the essay?


  • G had fought for his country in the Revolutionary War.

  • H donated to such places as schools and hospitals.

  • J maintained his business during difficult times.

Question 71


  • B smaller, and more

  • C smaller, more

  • D smaller

Question 72


  • G over more than half of his own

  • H more than over half of his

  • J over half of his

Question 73


  • B veteran, cultivating the sails of freedom,

  • C veteran, nurturing the road to reform,

  • D veteran

Questions 74 and 75 ask about the preceding passage as a whole.

Question 74

The writer is considering adding the following true statement to the essay:

Writing under a pen name, Forten himself submitted numerous articles and letters, calling for the end of slavery.

If the writer were to add this sentence to the essay, it would most logically be placed at:

  • F Point A in Paragraph 1.

  • G Point Bin Paragraph 3.

  • H Point C in Paragraph 6.

  • J Point D in Paragraph 6.

Question 75

Suppose the writer's primary purpose had been t o describe in detail the daily operations of a successful business in the newly formed United States. Would this essay accomplish that purpose?

  • A Yes, because it describes how Forten became a successful businessman and how his business survived numerous challenges.

  • B Yes, because it describes the historical significance of Forten's business and how the business evolved.

  • C No, because it focuses more on Porten as a patriot, businessman, and abolitionist than on the daily workings of his business.

  • D No, because it focuses primarily on contrasting Forten's work as an abolitionist with his work as a sailmaker.


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