Questions 61-75 are based on the following passage.
James Forten, Revolutionary Sailmaker
"I have been taken prisoner for the liberties of my country, and never will prove a traitor to her interests." [A] Before entering a British-run prison during the American 61Revolution prisoner of war, James Forten,
said these words as a patriotic rejection of his British captor's offer to free him and educate him in England.
He knew his 63chance of surviving
imprisonment were slim. Porten also knew that if released at the war's end or as part of an 64exchange, he,
a free black man, might be captured and sold into slavery as he journeyed home to Philadelphia. Porten not only survived but became one of the most successful businessmen and ardent abolitionists in the United States.65
Porten's rise to prosperity began upon his return home when a sailmaker hired him to design, mend, and sew sails. Porten's knowledge of ships, gained from his experiences as a sailor during the war, paid off. He 66rose
to the position of foreman, and in 1798, Porten bought the sailmaker's business. [B]
Employing thirty-eight 67workers,
white and black, Porten held his employees to a high standard. Viewed as a professional academy, his business produced skilled apprentices who constructed sails for dozens of vessels. The bulk of Porten's business records was probably lost after the business was sold.68
Soon, many regarded Porten as the city's 69premier sailmakerin Philadelphia.
A savvy businessman, Forten 70supported abolitionist causes.
When the War of 1812 closed the port of Philadelphia, Forten used his profits in real estate and lending to support his sailmaking enterprise. W hen the need for 71smaller,
quicker vessels changed sail design, he adapted. One thing Forten refused to do, however, was fit a slave ship with sails.
In fact, historians estimate that the sailmaker invested 72over greater than half his
fortune in work to abolish slavery. [C] One of the wealthiest men in Philadelphia, Forten helped finance the Liberator, a powerful abolitionist newspaper. [D] The Revolutionary War 73veteran, who served in this war,
believed that the United States owed all residents the right to freedom.