OG Test 1 - Passage II

Questions 15-29 are based on the following passage.

Billy Mills Takes the Gold

[1] Runner Billy Mills qualified to run in the 10,000-meter race in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, 15but he was a long shot. [2] In Tokyo, however, Mills became the first to win an 16Olympic gold medal for the United States in this event. [3] His qualifying entry time lagged almost a full minute 17above the world-record time held by Australian Ron Clarke.18

19Mills, an Oglala Lakota, spent his childhood on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He started long-distance running while attenting boarding school in Kansas. Initially, running was part of his training regimen for boxing, his first love. 20Mills had dreamed of being a boxer since he was a child.

Mills broke numerous high school track records, earning himself an athletic scholarship to the University of Kansas. With Mills as a star runner, Kansas won the 1959 and 1960 NCAA Outdoor Track and Field Championships. After graduation, he became an officer in the Marines and assumed the duties of military life. However, Mills was soon drawn back to the track, and, while still in the Marines, 21races became part of his life again.

22At an important point in his training, Mills wrote the words "Gold Medal" in his journal. He was determined to win, despite being rather unknown as an athlete. 23 Because of his unremarkable qualifying time, the US Olympic shoe sponsor didn't even send him running shoes for the race. 24Luckily, Mills borrowed a pair and was ready to run when he hit the starting line. 25

All eyes were on the 26overseers, Mohamed Gammoudi of Tunisia and Ron Clarke, as they began the last lap of the race. Suddenly, 27Mills, who had been in third place, broke from the pack, sprinted ahead, and won the race. Before a stunned crowd, Mills 28had run the 10,000 meters 45 seconds faster than his qualifying time. He set an Olympic record of 28 minutes 24 seconds, 29finishing ahead of Mohamed Gammoudi and Ron Clarke.As of 2014, he remained the only US runner to have won an Olympic gold medal in the 10,000-meter race.

Question 15


  • B nonetheless,

  • C in fact,

  • D DELETE the underlined portion.

Question 16


  • G Olympic gold medal,

  • H Olympic gold, medal,

  • J Olympic, gold medal

Question 17


  • B around

  • C behind

  • D from

Question 18

Which of the following sequences of sentences makes this paragraph most logical?


  • G 1, 3, 2

  • H 2, 1, 3

  • J 2, 3, 1

Question 19


  • B Mills an Oglala Lakota

  • C Mills an Oglala Lakota,

  • D Mills, an Oglala Lakota

Question 20

Given that all the choices are true, which one most effectively concludes this paragraph and provides a transition to the following paragraph?


  • G Yet Mills didn't quite make it as a boxer.

  • H Mills soon realized that he had greater potential as a runner than as a boxer.

  • J Mills also tried playing basketball and football, although he didn't excel at them.

Question 21


  • B his talent raced back to him

  • C he began racing

  • D racing was in his life

Question 22

Given that all the choices are accurate, which one most effectively introduces the paragraph by returning to the topic of the essay's opening paragraph?


  • G A future inductee into the US Track and Field Hall of Fame,

  • H Three weeks before the 1964 Olympics,

  • J Committed to success,

Question 23

If the writer were to delete the word rather from the preceding sentence, the sentence would primarily lose a word that:

  • A implies that some people were already aware of Mills's talent.

  • B helps describe Mills's approach to motivating himself for a race.

  • C explains why Mills decided to take on the challenge of running in the Olympics.

  • D emphasizes that Mills needed more training before he could win the race.

Question 24

Which choice best emphasizes Mills's commitment to winning the gold medal?


  • G Eventually,

  • H Undeterred,

  • J Concentrating,

Question 25

At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement: Bob Hayes, another US runner in the Tokyo Olympics, ran with a borrowed shoe after realizing he only had one of his two shoes with him; he then won the 100-meter race. Should the writer make this addition here?

  • A Yes, because it adds important details about two US track and field gold medalists in 1964.

  • B Yes, because it reveals that two runners used other people's shoes to win their races.

  • C No, because it shifts the essay's focus from the US track team members to their shoes.

  • D No, because it interrupts the essay's discussion of Mills preparing for and running the 10,000-meter race.

Question 26


  • G rulers,

  • H authorities,

  • J leaders,

Question 27


  • B Mills who had been in third place,

  • C Mills, who had been in third place

  • D Mills who had been in third place

Question 28


  • G has ran

  • H has run

  • J had ran

Question 29

The writer. is considering deleting the underlined portion (adjusting the punctuation as needed). Should the underlined portion be kept or deleted?

  • A Kept, because it effectively connects the closing paragraph to the essay's opening paragraph.

  • B Kept, because it adds a detail to the essay's retelling bf Mills's victory.

  • C Deleted, because it repeats a point already made clear by the paragraph.

  • D Deleted, because it strays from the main point of the paragraph.


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